Prediabetes, what is it, what are the symptoms, how is it treated, can it be cured? How do you prevent something?
These and other questions are covered here in this article. Symptoms of diabetes are present in humans, but blood sugar levels are higher than normal, although they are not yet high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes, in most cases before or at an early stage of diabetes the characterization is what What happens in prediabetes is similar.
Okay let’s see. Normally, when you eat, the pancreas releases the hormone insulin to help the body process the food. it is used as fuel. This action lowers the level of glucose in the blood.As with diabetes, however, in a person with prediabetes, the insulin-producing organ, the pancreas, stops producing insulin, or that person’s cells become resistant to its effects, or both, and therefore blood sugar remains abnormally high. And this can lead to diabetes with all its complications; Heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, amputations, etc. The latter condition, in which a person’s body cells become resistant to the effects of insulin, is known as abnormal fasting blood sugar or abnormal fasting glucose (IFG). and insulin resistance, impaired fasting blood glucose is a lower risk than impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). The difference between the two is that a disturbed glucose tolerance emphasizes the aspect of insulin resistance in the blood.
They are related in the sense that a person with high insulin resistance, i.e. impaired glucose tolerance, is likely to have an above normal blood sugar level, i.e. H. an impaired fasting glucose level. However, the opposite is not necessarily the case: that a high GFR correlates with a high IGT, and in fact, many patients with impaired fasting glucose have been found to respond normally to glucose tolerance tests – the World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Diabetic Association (ADA) differ slightly while the ADA criteria is the fasting plasma glucose level of 5.6 mmol / l (100 mg / dl) to 6.9 mmol / l (125 mg / dl), for the WHO the criterion is 6.1 mmol / l (110 mg / dl) to 6.9 mmol / l (125 mg / dL) Although prediabetes has no specific signs or symptoms, the prevailing wisdom is that the person should look out for symptoms of type 2 diabetes, which include increased thirst and frequent urination, constant hunger, unexplained weight loss, weight gain and flu belong. Symptoms such as weakness and fatigue, slow healing of cuts or bruises, recurring bladder or vaginal infections, blurred vision, slow healing of cuts or bruises, and recurring gum or skin infections. In addition, there are risk factors related to prediabetes;
1) being overweight, having a body mass index greater than 25,
2) being inactive,
3) being 45 or older,
4) having a family history of type 2 diabetes,
5) being African American or Pacific Islander,
6) a. being a person with high blood pressure,
7) have a high-density lipoprotein (HDL) or “good” cholesterol below 35 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) (0.9 millimoles per liter or mmol / L) or a triglyceride (a type of fat in the blood) values above 250 mg / dl (2.83 mmol / l),
8) have difficulty sleeping and
9) have a large waist, in addition if you are a woman – if you have polycystic ovarian syndrome – a condition, who is characterized by obesity, irregular menstruation, excessive hair growth, developed gestational diabetes during pregnancy, or gave birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.1 kilogram), then you are at a higher risk.
The American Diabetes Association recommends that people 45 years and older (or those under that age who have any of the risk factors listed) see their doctor for a possible blood test. Below are tests a doctor may need to screen for diabetes. The glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This gives you a person’s average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. 5.7 and 6.4 percent are prediabetics; Sober blood sugar test.Here a blood sample is taken and evaluated after the person has been without food for at least eight hours or overnight.
Here a blood sugar level below 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) -5.6 millimoles per liter (mmol / L)) is normal, between 100 to 125 mg / dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L) is prediabetes or was or is sometimes referred to as impaired fasting glucose, while 126 mg / dL (7.0 mmol / L) or more is indicative of diabetes. Glucose tests can also be recommended, although they are rarely used